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| Gemstones |

March-April | May-June | July-August | September-October | November-December |

January   February
Garnet - truth and faithfulness
  Amethyst - sincerity
Although the usual colour is a rich deep red, Garnets may be yellow, orange, brown or even green. Stones of several carats in weight are not uncommon and very large specimens may be found in museums or collections. A versatile stone, the Garnet is suitable for all types of jewellery even strings of drilled beads.   A member of the quartz family, the desirable colour of Amethyst is a rich violet-purple, although much paler stones are often found. Used in all types of jewellery, Amethyst is often cut into an oval or drop shape, with stones of 10 carats or more being fairly common.
March April
Aquamarine - courage
  Diamond - lasting love
As the name suggests, Aquamarine is pale blue, light blue-green or even light green in colour. Quite large stones, ranging from several to several tens of carats, are relatively common. The usual cut is the 'emerald' type, although mixed oval or pear-shaped stones are also frequently used.
The hardest of all gemstones, Diamond is well known as the colourless, round, brilliant gemstone in a classic engagement ring. However, fancy cuts such as oval, marquise, pear and heart-shaped stones are also used. Diamonds of a definite colour can be found, pink to reddish, blue, grey, green, brown, or violet, but these are extremely rare.
May June
Emerald - hope and happiness
Pearl - purity
Although always green in colour, Emeralds may range from very pale to quite dark, often with a slightly 'cloudy' appearance due to natural inclusions. The desirable colour is a clear, bright, leaf green known as 'emerald green'. The classic 'emerald' or step cut is the most common shape, although mixed or oval cuts are sometimes used. Most natural pearls are roughly spherical, making them ideal for the necklaces, or 'strings', that they are usually associated with. The colour varies from white with a hint of grey or yellow, to silvery grey or more noticeably yellow. In strong light pearls have a characteristic lustre and may have a pinky iridescence.
July   August
Ruby - contentment
  Peridot - inspiration
The colour of Ruby varies from fiery vermilion to violet red, which often looks brighter under strong light, the most valuable material comes from Burma and is known as 'pigeon's blood red'. Rubies are usually given a mixed oval or round cut, and are often found accompanied by Diamonds in many pieces of jewellery. Large stones tend to be uncommon, and are often cloudy in appearance.   Typically olive green, Peridot has a vitreous lustre making it almost 'oily' in appearance. Stones are usually transparent with few inclusions and are given all types of mixed cuts. Although Peridot of several carats are often seen, very large stones are hardly ever found. Small stones tend to be cut and arranged in intricate patterns in many pieces of jewellery.
September   October
Sapphire - repentance
  Opal - lovableness
The term 'Sapphire' is usually associated with the clear blue gemstone so often seen in jewellery. In fact all the colours of the spectrum are possible, with the exception of red which is Ruby. Sapphires are usually given an oval or round mixed cut, and stones of several carats, or even 10 to 20 carats in the case of light-coloured specimens, are not uncommon.   Opal tends to be separated into two varieties, white and black Opal. This distinction depends on the background colour of the material, whitish or light grey/blue for white Opal and dark grey or blackish for black Opal. Both types display a range of colours in internal iridescent patches, and stones tend to be cut into fairly convex cabochons to best display these often fiery patches of colour.
November   December
Topaz - faithfulness
  Turquoise - domestic harmony and prosperity
Topaz can be colourless, honey coloured, golden brown, brown, or blue; much more rarely, pink or reddish. Yellow 'Imperial' Topaz is the most typical variety, medium to large sized stones being relatively common. These are usually cut into oval stones but pear and other elongated shapes are also frequently used, with many small lozenge-shaped facets which bring out the lustre of the stone.   Turquoise has a uniform surface appearance like that of unglazed china. It may be a strong blue colour, but is more often pale sky blue, greenish blue or pale green, and may often contain narrow black or brown veins of other material. Turquoise is often seen as polished pierced stones in necklaces, it is also made into cabochons for jewellery settings, carved stones, or figurines.


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